If you're looking to become one of the 1.5 million people living in Bahrain (51 percent of which are expats), there are plenty of options.
Although you won’t be able to move here and find a job on the ground, you can use websites like Gulf Talent, Bayt, Monster, Indeed or LinkedIn. If you’re looking to teach English in Bahrain, you can also head to the usual ESL websites.
Already got a job? Read on for some of the basics about what to expect about working here.
Unlike other countries in the region, Bahrain has no minimum wage for expats. The minimum wage for Bahraini citizens working in the public sector is currently BHD300/US$800 a month. A major benefit of working in Bahrain is the tax-free salary that may end up being a lot higher than in your home country.
In general, the working week in Bahrain is eight hours a day for five days, but this can be extended to a maximum of ten hours a day. During Ramadan, Muslim workers are expected to work just six hours a day.
Once you finish your contract in Bahrain, you are entitled to an end of service bonus that depends on how long you have worked for the company.
If you have been with it for less than three years, this will usually be 15 to 20 days of pay for every year of service, and then a month’s salary on top of this. So, it’s not a bad pay-off when you do leave, then.
Workers in Bahrain who have spent at least a year with their employer are entitled to 30 days off a year under labour laws introduced in 2012. However, the wording of the law has not been clarified, so some businesses take this to mean calendar days, while others go by actual working days.
On top of this, there are public holidays everyone either gets off, or receives a day in lieu for working. These include New Year’s Day on January 1, Labour Day on May 1, and Independence Day on December 16-17. There are also days off that change every year as they follow the lunar calendar.
These are Eid al-Fitr (likely May 23-26, 2020), Eid Al-Adha (likely July 31-August 2, 2020), Islamic New Year (likely August 20, 2020), Ashoora (likely August 28-29, 2020) and the birthday of the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) which will likely be on October 29, 2020.
After completing three months at work with your employer, you become entitled to sick pay. In one year you can take 15 days with full pay, 20 days with half pay and 20 days with no pay.
You are also entitled to a three-day leave on full pay if you are getting married, if your spouse or any of your relatives die (up until the fourth degree, i.e. great-great grandparents and first cousins once-removed) or if a member of your spouse’s family dies (up until the second degree, i.e. grandparents, aunts and uncles, nieces or nephews).
Maternity and paternity leave
Mothers are entitled to fully paid maternity leave for up to sixty days, including before and after giving birth. Women can also take up to six months unpaid leave to look after a child under six three times while working for an employer. Unfortunately, men are only entitled to one day’s paid leave after the birth of a child.
During your probation period, which is generally three months but can be as long as six, you or your employer can terminate your employment with just one day’s notice. After this, there is a 30-day notice period, or longer, depending on your contract. You are entitled to be paid for this time, regardless of whether your employer makes you work it.
You can find full details of Bahraini labour law on lmra.bh.